The Vatican City State is a sovereign independent territory which was founded following the signing of the Lateran Pacts between the Holy See and Italy on 11 February 1929. These were ratified on 7 June 1929. Its nature as a sovereign State, distinct from the Holy See, is universally recognised under international law.
It was Vatican policemen who conducted the investigation on the butler, Paolo
Gabriele, and arrested him on May 23, after a search of his apartment inside
Vatican City revealed an enormous trove of papers, including hundreds of
confidential papal documents.
But it was Vatican policemen, too, who allegedly held Gabriele in a cell so
small that he couldn’t “even stretch his arms,” where the light was kept on for
24 hours a day and where he said he endured “psychological pressure.”
The Gendarmeria issued a swift rebuke of Gabriele’s allegations and
threatened a countersuit if a Vatican investigation reveals his claims to be
The alleged abuse inside the Vatican jail is just one of the details of the
activities of the Vatican police corps that have come to light during the
During the proceedings, Gabriele’s lawyer, Cristiana Arru, more than once
seemed to suggest that the police investigation methods had been flawed. At
Arru’s request, the court rejected from evidence two interrogations of Gabriele
conducted by the Gendarmeria’s commander, Domenico Giani, without the presence
of a lawyer.
Vatican policemen also admitted to not using gloves during the search of
Gabriele’s apartment, and couldn’t describe where a nugget, presumably made of
gold, had been found within his house.
The missteps don’t seem sufficient to weaken the case against Gabriele, who
on more than one occasion admitted to photocopying the pope’s confidential
“The Gendarmeria seems to have built a strong case against the butler,” says
Maurizio Bellacosa, an expert on Vatican law at LUISS University in Rome.
But they might cast a shadow on a corps that in recent years has prided
itself on its growing professionalism as a full-fledged police force with
international recognition. In 2008, the Gendarmeria joined Interpol, an
international organization that brings together police forces from 190
Under the leadership of Giani, a former member of the Italian secret service,
Vatican policemen have received professional training by the FBI and widened the
scope of their activities — sometimes irking the pope’s traditional protectors,
the colorfully clad Swiss Guards.
Founded only in 1971, the Gendarmeria now has a high-tech “control room.” It
has also recently created a “quick response” unit to respond to “high-risk
situations” and an “anti-sabotage” unit.
“They have invested heavily on technology to protect the pope’s security and
confidentiality,” says Italian security expert Gianni Cipriani. “After all, a
lot of people come and go within the Vatican.”
In fact, critics say that sometimes the Gendarmeria have overstepped
appropriate boundaries, including searching the butler’s house in Castel
Gandolfo, a small village south of Rome where the pope’s summer residence is
It is unclear from trial proceedings whether the house falls under Vatican or
Italian jurisdiction; if it’s Italian territory, it could add to earlier charges
that the Gendarmeria improperly pursued investigations outside the small
territory of the Vatican City State.
A similar episode, with two Vatican policemen tailing a man in Italian
territory, is reported in Gianluigi Nuzzi’s best-selling book “Sua Santita,” or
“His Holiness,” which compiles most of the secret papers leaked by Gabriele. One
of the chapters is devoted to the rising prominence of the Gendarmeria in the
world’s smallest state.
Gabriele himself admitted to a “morbid” curiosity about Vatican policemen
during the investigation, adding that he had been “shocked” by the “unfair
treatment” given to the corps chaplain, who had been unceremoniously sacked
after five years.
According to his statements during the trial, Gabriele started sharing
confidences with two men who were “knowledgeable” about the Gendarmeria, and
then reported his findings to the pope’s personal secretary, Monsignor Georg
Vatican City Aerial Shot
Area: 0.44 sq km (109 acres) Population: Population: 800, including diplomatic personnel living in different countries around the world. Capital City: Vatican City Language(s): Business is conducted in Italian, English, French, Spanish and Latin Religion: Catholic Head of State: Pope Benedict XVI (formerly Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger), elected 19 April 2005. Prime Minister: Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone (Secretary of State since 15 September 2006). Foreign Minister: Archbishop Dominique Mambertì, Secretary for Relations with States in the Papal Secretariat of State (since 15 September 2006).
Membership of international organisations: The Holy See is a full member of various international organizations including: the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the Organisation for Security and Co-Operation in Europe (OSCE), and the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO), the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT), the International Migration Organisation (IMO).
The Holy See is also a permanent observer state in various international organizations, including the United Nations General Assembly, the Council of Europe, UNESCO, WTO, ILO, WHO, and the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations. In 2004, the United Nations General Assembly extended the rights and privileges of the Holy See as an observer state within the UN, through its Resolution 58/314 of 16 July that year. Up until 2002, the Holy See and Switzerland were the only two observer states in the United Nations. In 2002, Switzerland voted in a national referendum to take up full UN membership. The Holy See is also a Non-Member Accredited State of the African Union (AU), a Member of a bilateral agreement of cooperation of the League of Arab States (LAS), and Guest of the Asian-African Legal Consultative Organisation (AALCO).
What is the Holy See?
The Holy See is the universal government of the Catholic Church and operates from the Vatican City State, a sovereign, independent territory of 0.44 square kilometres (0.17 square miles). The Pope is the ruler of both the Vatican City State and the Holy See.
The term “see” comes from the Latin word “sedes”, meaning, “seat”, which refers to the Episcopal throne (cathedra). The term “Apostolic See” can refer to any see founded by one of the Apostles, but, when used with the definite article, it is used in the Catholic Church to refer specifically to the see of the Bishop of Rome, whom the Catholic Church sees as successor of Saint Peter, the leader of the apostles.
The Holy See (Sancta Sedes in Latin) is the Episcopal jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, in which its Bishop is commonly known as the Pope. It is the pre-eminent Episcopal see of the Catholic Church, forming the central government of the Church. As such, diplomatically, and in other spheres, the Holy See acts and speaks for the whole Catholic Church. It is also recognized by other subjects of international law as a sovereign juridical entity under international law, headed by the Pope, with which diplomatic relations can be maintained. The Holy See (the central government of the Catholic Church) is made up of the Pope and the Departments that assist him in carrying out his responsibilities towards the universal Church (identified as the Apostolic See or Holy See).
Governance of the Holy See
The Pope governs the Catholic Church through the Roman Curia (Vatican Civil Service). The Roman Curia consists of a number of departments that administer church affairs. Those departments consist of the Secretariat of State, nine Congregations, three Tribunals, eleven Pontifical Councils, and seven Pontifical Commissions. The Secretariat of State, under the Cardinal Secretary of State, directs and coordinates the Curia. The present incumbent, Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, is the Holy See’s equivalent of a Prime Minister. Archbishop Dominique Mambertì, Secretary for Relations with States, acts as the Holy See’s Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
Among the most active of the main Vatican departments are the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, which oversees the Catholic Church’s doctrine; the Congregation for Bishops, which coordinates the appointment of bishops in the developed world; the Congregation for the Evangelisation of Peoples, which oversees all missionary activities, including the appointment of bishops in the developing world; and the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, which deals with international thematic foreign policy and development and social issues.
Three tribunals are responsible for judicial power. The Sacra Rota is responsible for normal appeals, including decrees of nullity for marriages, with the Apostolic Signatura being the administrative court of appeal and highest ecclesiastical court. The Apostolic Penitentiary issues absolutions, dispensations, and indulgences.
The Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See coordinates the finances of the Holy See departments and supervises the administration of all offices. The Prefecture of the Papal Household is responsible for the organization of the Papal household, audiences, and ceremonies.
Holy See as opposed to Vatican?
Although the Holy See is closely associated with the Vatican City State, the independent territory over which the Holy See is sovereign, they are two international identities. The Holy See is not the same sovereign entity as the Vatican City State, which only came into existence in 1929 with the Lateran Treaty. The Holy See dates back to early Christian times. Ambassadors are officially accredited to the Holy See and not the Vatican City State, and Papal representatives to states and international organizations are recognized as representing the Holy See, not the Vatican City State. The Holy See as legal person bears many similarities with the crown in Christian monarchies.
The stakes are getting higher and higher for our soldiers, for our nation as well as for the entire world.
We have all lost many in war and through my research, I have found that a Global World Order has been the plan since the realization of evil and that our past presidents have been submissive enough to go along with it's endorsement. How can we trust our government after the attacks on The World Trade Towers?
How can we believe that the Patriot Act is for our own safety? Why are all citizens considered an enemy of the nation? Why are we being video taped, photographed, monitored through our cell (mobile) phones, GPS devices in our cars, our modern television sets, street cameras, the internet, personal e-mail, social media and who knows what other method which have not yet been disclosed. Stop check points are being set up in more areas throughout the United States. Why do Border Patrol Officers detain us from driving through our states and then say we are not being detained? Why is the judicial system always correct and we the people wrong, most of the time? Why are courts and federal facilities allowed to filmed and document us yet we are not allowed to film documentation inside those buildings? We can not even film a police civilian confrontation without being told by the officers or sheriffs that we are impeding with their job and made to cross the street and at times even being threatened with arrest if we do not leave the area. Since when is it the law to carry with and show our identification card when asked for it by a police officer or sheriff? Are we in Nazi Germany? I do not worry about such matters because I am knowledgeable of my rights and strongly suggest that each and every one of you do the same. The old expression keyed by Francis Bacon, "Knowledge is power," is very true.
1590's - Sir Francis Bacon, beginning in the early 1590's, began the detailed plans by which North America would be colonized. He was the supreme adept in the Rosicrucian Society, and established the super secret Knights of the Helmet [Ibid., p. 123-129], a society established along the lines of Rosicrucianism. And, finally, Bacon was responsible for the modern birth of Freemasonry, as detailed by Masonic author, George V. Tudhope, in his book,Bacon Masonry , ISBN 1-56459-108-5, reprinted by Kessinger's Publishing. Thus, we can see that the occult activities of our original occult Forefathers mentioned above was merely the outworking of an occult plan originally conceived "thousands of years before Columbus ever sailed"! Our Masonic forefathers were merely following the details of the occult plan as envisioned specifically by Sir Francis Bacon in the 1590's, operating according to the vision provided him by his Guiding Spirit.
YouTubehttps://www.youtube.com video begins with the attack on the World trade Towers and ends with my belief of a planned sabotage by United States Presidents, government and other countries presidents, high ranking officials and their government. I completed it on time, today, September 11th 2013 and am sharing it with you, my friends here as well.